Ouadi Ej Jamous is located 110 km from Beirut in the newly established mohafaza of Akkar (in accordance with Law No. 522, issued on 16 July 2003). The village covers an area of 347 hectares and stands at an altitude of 170m above sea level. It can be reached by the following routes:
Abdeh - Tall Zra’a - Ouadi Ej Jamous
Abdeh - Bebnine - Ouadi Ej Jamous
Origin of the name
There are two views regarding the origin of the village name, with the first attributing it to an ancient statue resembling a buffalo that was discovered in the area. The second states that the village name was originally Jemmayzeh. The name change is related to a merchant, whose buffalo escaped into the valley on an overnight stay in the village, lending it the name Ouadi Ej Jamous (Valley of the Buffalo).
The registered population is an estimated 4,500, with most residents living in the village. They are distributed among approximately 500 households, which are mostly small, owing to the poor financial situation of residents.
Number of Voters
The number of registered voters in May 2004 was 2200 compared with 1,879 voters in 2000. They are mainly distributed among the following families:
There are other small families including: Karahani, Ayyoushi, Wadha, Ismail, Omar, Masri, Ashkar, Hussein, Abdel Kader, Abdo, Asa’ad, Sheikh, Abou Omar, Rachid, Mislmani, Shaboub, Abdel Fattah, Tawfic, Sheikh Hasan, Said, Wahib, Refai, Dennawi and Merhebi.
The village has a Municipal Council, based on Decision No. 560 (issued on 30 September 2003) by the Minister of Interior and Municipalities. Ouadi Ej Jamous, which has two mayors and a mayoral council made up of three members, conducted its first municipal elections in May 2004. Revenues received from the Independent Municipality Fund in 2002 reached LBP 286 million.
Educational & Social institutions
The village has three academic institutions:
Ouadi Ej Jamous Co-ed Intermediate Public School: 720 students
Al Maqassed Khayrieh Elementry School: 360 students
Al Bukhary Institute for Islamic Science Legislation
Agriculture is the major source of income for the village, mainly through greenhouses, since there is an abundance of cultivable land and a large labor force. Still, farmers are suffering from hard times and there is a great deal of poverty, as a result of competition and poor climate for cultivation. Other economic activity in the village comes from 40 commercial and handicrafts institutions.
Ouadi Ej Jamous residents mainly suffer from a lack of drinking water in the village, since the area has lacked connections to a public network since 1978. Villagers resort to purchasing water or using the village well, which is considered polluted. In addition, most of the artesian wells that have been dug do not contain potable water.
Families in Ouadi Ej Jamous tend to be large, with an average of 10 to 12 residents per household. It is also not uncommon to find families with as many as 17 members.
The illiteracy rate in the village is also a high, despite the presence of two schools. The illiteracy rate is as high as 40% for those above the age of 50.
Ouadi Ej Jamous Road network map :
Ouadi Ej Jamous Map of desertification risk :
Ouadi Ej Jamous Map of rivers and springs :
Sources : http://www.iimonthly.com
Sources : CDR (31/12/1999)