Kaza of Bcharreh is one of the six cazas of the Mohafazah of North-Lebanon. It is located on the western flank of Jabal Mokmel, the highest mountain of Lebanon. The area of Caza of Bcharreh consists of the zone situated between the mountain’s highest peaks and the localities of 800 meters altitude.
The area of caza of Bcharreh occupies 1.5% of Lebanese territory, which is equivalent to 156 square kilometers. It is surrounded in the north by the Kazas of Zgharta and Minieh-Danniyeh, in the east by Kaza of Baalbek, in the south by Kaza of Batroun, and in the west by Kaza of Koura.
Its population estimated to 32 000 inhabitants approximately (which is equivalent to 1.2% of the total population of Lebanon). It spreads over to 21 locations, of which only 11 have elected municipal councils. In the last municipal elections in 2004, the caza of Bcharreh counted 13 371 residents and 56 358 resgitered voters of which 36 631 voters.
There is a federation of municipalities (Federation of Bcharreh Municipalities) in the caza of Bcharreh.
The administrative center of the kaza is the city of Bcharreh, birthplace of the poet Jibran Khalil Jibran, and location of the oldest forest of cedars in Lebanon and the world. The kaza of Bcharreh is characterized by the beauty of its natural landscapes, and especially the Qadisha Valley (Wadi Qadisha), that houses the oldest monastery in Lebanon.