Caza of chouf is located on the Mohafazah of Mount-Lebanon. It’s surrounded on the north by the river Damour. The river El Aouali markits southern boundary. It stretches from the Mediterranean coast to the west to the heights of mountains of Barouk (2 000 meters above sea level). Its area is 495 square kilometers, equivalent to 4.7% of the total area of Lebanon.
It is bounded on the north by the caza of Aaley, east by the caza of the West Bekaa and the south by the caza of Saida and Jezzine.
Its administrative centre is the municipality of Beit Ed Dine, the capital of the emirs of Mount Lebanon, and historic core of the Republic of Lebanon politically and geographically. The caza Chouf is the third most populous Caza of Mount Lebanon after Baabda and Matn. Its population is estimated at 166 140 inhabitants, equivalent to 3.9% of the total population of Lebanon, spread over 97 localities of which 72 have elected municipal councils. In the last municipal elections of 2004, the caza Shuf had 173 888 residents, 277 268 registered voters, including 159 405 actual voters (1).
There are four federations of municipalities (Federation of Municipalities Iqlim El Kharrub North Federation of Municipalities of Chouf Es Souayjani Federation of Municipalities Iqlim El Kharrub South Federation of Municipalities of El Chouf Aala) in the Caza of Chouf.
The caza also includes several cities which have an essential role in Lebanese politics under Ottoman rule, such as Baaqline and Deir El Qamar, who have become centres of tourism activities and cultural variety.